Artificial Intelligence and Robotics for Law Enforcement

The report summarizes key findings, challenges and recommendations presented and discussed during the first INTERPOL - UNICRI Global Meeting on the Opportunities and Risks of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics for Law Enforcement held in Singapore on 11-12 July 2018 (organised by INTERPOL's Innovation Centre and UNICRI's Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics) In this regard, the report analyses the contribution AI and robotics can make in policing and examines use cases at varying stages of development by national law enforcement agencies, demonstrating that the use of AI and robotics is not a future possibility, but rather a present reality. The report further describes new threats and crimes related to the malicious use of AI and robotics, including new types of digital, physical, and political attacks, that law enforcement must be prepared to tackle. Several other challenges are highlighted alongside this, such as keeping pace with innovation, gaps in technical expertise and the fundamental importance of ensuring consistency with human rights, fairness, accountability, transparency and explainability in any use of these technologies by law enforcement.

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