Gender Gap in the STEM Fields and Proposed Intervention Programmes

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, as in many other countries, women tend to be underrepresented in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) fields, exluding them from fast growing, profitable careers. Theories say that the choices girls and boys make about their future education and careers are shaped early on by social norms and the feeling of belonging and self efficacy. This report showcases the findings of a research on attitudes, beliefs and behaviors of primary and secondary school students, university students and teachers towards STEM. It provides insight into young men and women's preferences and choices in terms of education and careers, and based on those, it proposes interventions to nudge girls into STEM.