Interoperability of IoT and Satellite Data for Earth Observation (Part of the "Digital Transformation for Cities & Communities" Webinar Series)

The emergence of technologies for Earth Observation (EO) such as Internet-of-Things (IoT) promises to provide new advances in data collection for the Sustainable Development Goals, including in the fields of climate change mitigation, biodiversity monitoring, poverty alleviation or smart agriculture. As part of the ITU Webinars series on Digital transformation for cities and communities​, International Telecommunication Union (ITU), together with Mandat International and World Meteorological Organization (WMO), hosted a webinar to present the results from the NGIOT research project and to discuss existing perspectives and challenges in the field. Currently, one of the challenges is to set global standards for interoperability of data coming from very different sources to facilitate their use for information services in above mentioned fields. Indeed, the lack of interoperable integration of different Earth observation data and applications remains an important barrier to be addressed in this domain. With over 50 billion IoT devices deployed, there is a need to facilitate the integration of existing IoT data with more standard Earth observation data. While Earth observation benefits more and more from common data models and standards, it is still difficult to combine those datasets with other data sources such as smart city open data, IoT, and smartphone sensor data. Throughout the different presentations, the speakers discussed the latest considerations, current work, and future considerations for IoT and satellite observation, and identify the challenges to be addressed from IoT research and IoT standardization perspectives.